An article towards understanding the political-ideological roots of the GM controversy in Indian agriculture with special reference to Marxist theory and practice, is attached with this post (in PDF format). The essay begins with setting the context of the currently raging debate on BT-Brinjal and reviewing a select set of empirical assessments of BT-Cotton in India on relevant parameters. It then moves to critically examine the role of ideology in how competing political forces comprehend the food and nutrition crisis in India.
Indian agricultural landscape seems to be changing very rapidly- small farmers gradually giving way to big corporations. In last two decades a plethora of measures were taken to make farming more difficult for the petty farmers and pave way for the likes of Monsanto, Cargill, Reliance or PepsiCo. Starting from seeds, fertilizers, credits or even marketing of their produce, farmers today are under the clutches of corporate sector.