''Bihar is often viewed as a lost battle in policy as well as academia. In a quite real manner, Bihar tends to become the Indian Sudan which sells attractively in the media-market, where the feudal-bourgeois classes can overcome their guilt-conscience and get back to their business. However, none of these methods are a remedy for the state of Bihar which actually needs more politics: democratic and progressive politics. Only a political movement aimed at transcendence from the current form of social and economic organisation can save Bihar. Anything less is likely to be a failure.''-argues Awanish Kumar in EPW
Women are increasingly significant as national and international migrants, and it is now evident that the complex relationship between migration and human development operates in gender-differentiated ways. A report by Jayati Ghosh.
The changes introduced in China since 1978 under the rubric of ‘market-socialism’ have been a cause of intense debate among the Left. Recently, Economic and Political Weekly (Issue : VOL 43 No. 52 December 27 - January 02, 2009) presented ten special articles on various facets of the transition in China since 1978. Pragoti presents a selection of three articles from this special issue of EPW on the impact of rural industrialisation in China on poverty and spatial inequality, a tribute to the resilience of China’s migrant workers and a critique of China’s political economy since the revolution in 1949.
This study analyses the impact of rural industrialisation in China on poverty and spatial inequality at the county level between 1982 and 2000. The most positive consequence of industrialisation has been its contribution to absolute poverty reduction, especially in the coastal provinces. Much less clear is whether migration – mainly from west to east and driven by rural industrialisation has contributed to poverty reduction in the interior.For, remittances have accrued mainly to the relatively well off rather than to the rural poor. More negatively, counties which were large exporters of labour have suffered a skill drain. However, the main adverse effect of rural industrialisation has been its exacerbation of spatial inequality, which has also resulted in a rise of inequalities in per capita gdp among China’s counties.